Science Reading Article #39 - The Science of Self-Control - Activity or Sub Plan
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English Language Arts, Science, Social Studies - History, Reading, Biology, Psychology
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Activity, Homeschool Curricula, Printable, Science Center Idea
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Science articles make great science sub plans, but finding reliable and interesting articles on the internet or in periodicals is very time consuming. Formatting online articles to fit a printed page can also be challenging and can often waste time and paper. Worst of all, it's often difficult to find articles that will engage your students. This is where this article resource comes in!  Just 2 pages of no prep print and go! (Article and questions are in PDF format.)

ARTICLE TOPIC: In this particle article, students will learn about the famous Marshmallow Experiments done in the 1970s. These experiments demonstrate a strong correlation between the ability to exert self-control in children and their later success as adults. Students will also learn about how habit retraining can help overcome the negative behaviors that seem to stem from the lack of self-control.

✿ Please click on the PREVIEW and then zoom in to read a part of the article to see if this article is appropriate for your classes.

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✿ This article can also be found in:

1) Science Reading Articles COMPLETE MEGA BUNDLE - An Entire Year of Articles for 35% OFF. (You pay $1.94 per article instead of $2.99)

2) Science Reading Articles - Volume 4: Pack of 10 Articles for 25% OFF (You pay $2.24 per article instead of $2.99)

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Besides using this article for a sub plan, this resource also helps promote science literacy which is emphasized in many curriculums including NGSS and TEKS standards

I have created a professionally written and attractively designed article that will grab your students' attention. Save time! This article with questions gives you a no-prep, ready to go printable right at your fingertips. An answer key is provided for the questions. Each science reading article is 1 and 1/3 pages of text with 2/3 pages of questions. In total, only two pages (one page double-sided) to print for each student.

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NUMEROUS USES:

The great thing about this article is that it can be used for a variety of assignments if not used for a sub plan. There is a call for increased science literacy in classes, and a push to make science relevant to students. Engaging science articles are a good way to meet these needs. 

(1) No prep sub plans that are easy to hand out and collect.
(2) In school suspension plans that are handy for those unexpected times.
(3) Independent work for early finishers. 
(4) No prep extra credit assignment.
(5) Homework assignment.
(6) Warm up work for the beginning of class.
(7) Assign at the beginning of the week and take up at the end.

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SCIENCE READING ARTICLES (ALL CAN BE FOUND IN THE MEGA BUNDLE):

Article #1 – Why We Love and Hate Spicy Foods
Students will learn about the science behind the feeling of spiciness, what chemical compound creates this sensation, the way spiciness is measured, why the desire to eat spicy foods evolved and how to cure the pain of overly spicy food. 

Article #2 – Tears Tears Everywhere
Students will learn about the differences in the three types of tears humans produce, the varying composition of these tears and their different purposes. 

Article #3 – Beyond the Appendix: Vestigial Structures
Students will learn about vestigial structures and about several different examples of human vestigial structures (wisdom teeth, ear muscles, "third" eyelid, tailbone and appendix) as well as some vestigial body responses like piloerection, otherwise known as "goosebumps".

Article #4 – Dung Beetles: Where Did All the Poo Go?
Students will learn about the interesting habits, diets and behaviors of the dung beetle. They will also learn about why dung beetles are important to healthy ecosystems. 

Article #5 – Cancer Sniffing Dogs
Students will learn how a sample of someone's breath can contain compounds released from cancer cells, how sensitive dogs are to scents, how dogs are trained to detect cancer compounds in samples of patients' breath and what other things a dog's sense of smell can be used for. 

Article #6 – Hyponatremia: Death by Water Intoxication
Students will learn how water intoxication occurs as well as the symptoms of hyponatremia. They will also learn about who is most at risk for this condition and they will be given examples of people who have suffered from hyponatremia.

Article #7 – Body Fat: The Good, The Bad and the Ugly Truth
Students will learn about the different types of fat in the body, their functions and the issues that can arise when fat content in the body becomes imbalanced. 

Article #8 – Photosynthetic Animals
Students will learn about two animals (green sea slug and yellow spotted salamander) that can photosynthesize due to symbiotic relationships with algae.

Article #9 – Diamonds, the Truth Behind the Bling
Students will learn about the properties of a diamond and what makes it different from graphite, different methods of creating synthetic diamonds, and what applications these synthetic diamonds have. They will also learn about a planet in our Milky Way galaxy made up of at least one third diamond. 

Article #10 – Facebook Blues: Is Facebook Making You Unhappy?
Students will learn about studies that show that using Facebook and other social media correlate with decreased feelings of well-being. Facebook addiction is also discussed along with a the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale. The scale has been provided for students to diagnose their own Facebook dependency. A great class discussion can ensue from this. 

Article #11 – The Making of Human Hermaphrodites
Students will learn about human hermaphrodites, the etymology of the word hermaphrodite, the two major causes of human hermaphrodism (46XX/46XY chimeras, the SRY gene) and other organisms that are hermaphroditic. 

Article #12 – Are Bed Bugs Keeping You Awake?
Students will learn about beg bugs, their physical and behavioral characteristics, how they reproduce, their effects on human hosts, why cases of infestation in developed countries has risen in the last few decades and what methods do and don't work in attempts to eradicate them.

Article #13 – Miraculous Medical Maggots
Students will learn about how maggot debridement therapy (MDT) is used to heal wounds and stave off infection, why the common green bottle fly larva is the maggot of choice, what type of wounds are best suited to MDT and the rise, fall and re-emergence of MDT as a popular medical treatment. 

Article #14 – How Anabolic Steroids Work
Students will learn about how steroids build muscle by building proteins, preventing the breakdown of proteins and by activating satellite cells that help produce more and bigger muscle cells. Side effects of anabolic steroid use is also discussed.

Article #15 – The Science of Sleep
Students will learn the differences between REM and nonREM sleep, how much sleep is needed for individuals, why sleep is important, what happens when someone experiences sleep deprivation and insomnia and how other mammals exhibit different sleep patterns and habits when compared to us.

Article #16 – Parasites Create Zombie Snails
Students will learn about the L. paradoxum parasite that infects snails. The parasite takes over the snail's body and mind to turn it into an organism that will attract birds, the parasite's second host. This gruesome tale will enthrall your students and teach them about animal adaptations and parasitism at the same time.

Article #17 – Breathing and Peeing in Space
Students will learn about the challenges of supporting human life in a space craft. The focus will be on the technologies that are used to constantly supply the crew with oxygen and that help get rid of liquid and solid waste in a microgravity environment.

Article #18 – Is it Ironman? No, it's Alloyman!
Students will learn about alloys, how they are made, how steel and stainless steel are made and about Nitinol, the amazing superelastic alloy that makes up Ironman's suit.

Article #19 – Immortal Cancer Cells
Students will learn about Henrietta Lacks and how cancer cells from her body, called HeLa cells, have been dividing for over six decades to produce immortal cell lines that have been used in medical and commercial research all over the world. Students will learn about the limits of cell division and how cancer cells circumvent these limits. 

Article #20 – Endangered Soil 
Students will learn about soil, what it is made of, why it is so important to our survival and what factors are causing soil to be endangered throughout our planet. A great article for discussing ecological and environmental issues. 

Article #21 – Sex Changing Fish
Students will learn about how some fish are able to change sex from male to female or from female to male. They will find out what type of reproductive advantages this gives the fish and what conditions trigger sex changes. 

Article #22 – Fecal Transplants
Students will learn about how fecal microbiota transplants help treat intestinal diseases like C. diff infections. They will learn how the fecal transplant helps get rid of the infection, how fecal samples are obtained and how they are administered into the body. 

Article #23 – Human Cyborgs vs. Bionic Humans
Students will learn about the differences between a bionic implant and a cybernetic implant and how the two function differently and can achieve different results. The last part of the article turns to the idea of using human cyborgs in the military and can lead into a class discussion about the bioethics of this and other cybernetic applications.

Article #24 – Black Holes Explained
Students will learn about black holes and how they are related to the space-time continuum and gravity. An analogy is used for easy understanding. The event horizon and singularity is also explained as well as the classification of three types of black holes. 

Article #25 – The Science and Evolution of Human Skin Color
Students will learn about the pigment melanin, its function and how the skin produces and distributes this substance to produce different levels of skin pigmentation. They will also learn about albinism and about how changing environmental conditions and determine the level of skin pigmentation in evolving populations. Also discussed is the reason why women, in general, are less pigmented then men.

Article #26 – Tanning, UV Radiation and Skin Cancer 
Students will learn about why tanning has become popular, the differences between UVA and UVB and how both cause a different type of tanning response in the skin and health consequences of each, and finally, students will learn about skin cancer with a focus on melanoma and risk factors for developing skin cancer. 

Article #27 – Lobotomies: Who Needs All that Brain?
Students will learn about lobotomies, why they were used, how they were performed, the people who helped develop the procedure (António Egas Moniz, and Walter Freeman), the effect lobotomies had on patients and why the technique is no longer widely used to treat mental illnesses. 

Article #28 – The Importance of Bees
Students will learn how pollination occurs, how the honeybee is specialized to collect pollen, why the honeybee is used by beekeepers over other pollinators and how critical bees are for global food production. 

Article #29 – Antibiotics: Penicillin and Beyond 
Students will learn about bactericidal vs. bacteriostatic antibiotics, narrow vs. broad spectrum antibiotics, what antibiotics are effective in treating, how penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming and how the misuse, overprescription and use of subtherapeutic antibiotics in livestock feed has contributed to the growing antibiotic resistance seen in bacteria. How antibiotic resistance develops is also discussed. 

Article #30 – Addicted to Sugar
Students will learn about the health impacts of sugar, research showing that sugar can be more addictive than cocaine or heroine, the effect of sugar on the brain, how available sugar was to our ancestors, the effects of high-fructose corn syrup, an example of how hidden added sugars can be found in "healthy" meals and how to read food labels appropriately so that the sugar content can be better understood. 

Article #31 – Food Designed for Space 
Students will learn about the challenges of designing food for astronauts, the requirements that space food must meet (like taking up very little space and having a long shelf-life at room temperatures), the different categories of space foods, how different equipment must be made for eating a meal in microgravity environments, and why food in space doesn't taste as good as it would on Earth. 

Article #32 – Is Life Better Without Pain? 
Students will learn about the usefulness of pain to survival and about CIPA (congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis). They will learn about the difficulties people with CIPA face because they cannot feel pain, the different types of nociceptors (pain neurons) that exist in humans, how mutations in a gene destroys nociceptors in people with CIPA, the concerns parents need to have if their child has CIPA and how CIPA is genetically inherited. 

Article #33 – Blood Doping: More Blood, More Medals
Students will learn about why athletes blood dope, the performance enhancement effects of blood doping, blood doping techniques like drugs that stimulate red blood cell production and blood transfusions that increase red blood cell counts immediately. As well they will learn about the effects of high altitude training on red blood cell production (which is a legal method of increasing red blood cell count) and about the World Anti-Drug Doping Agency's use of athlete biological passports to detect cheating. 

Article #34 – Hello Gastric Bypass, Goodbye Stomach
Students will learn about morbid obesity and the two main types of bariatric procedures (restrictive methods and malabsorptive methods) that are used to treat this condition. Gastric banding and gastric bypass are specifically examined. This is a great extension activity for classes studying the digestive system or nutrition.

Article #35 – An Athlete's Perfect Twitch
Students will learn about slow twitch and fast twitch muscle fibers, how they create and use energy differently, how they respond to training and which types of sport each muscle fiber is best suited to helping an athlete excel at. For example, a greater ratio of slow twitch to fast twitch muscles fibers will help an athlete excel at endurance sports like marathons and long distance cycling.

Article #36 – The Curious Case of Caffeine 
Students will learn about the mental and physical effects of caffeine on the body, how caffeine acts on the brain to increase neuronal activity which causes alertness, how caffeine triggers the fight or flight reflex and how tolerance and addiction occur with regular caffeine intake.

Article #37 – The Chemistry of Fireworks
Students will learn about the various components of a firework and their role in the function of the firework. They will examine the composition of the gun powder which explodes to launch the firework into the air and examine the "stars" which are the metal salts that burn with various different colors when they are ignited within the firework.

Article #38 – Climate Change and Pizzly Bears 
Students will learn about how climate change is warming the Arctic and threatening the habitat of the polar bear. As this happens, it makes way for grizzly bear territory to expand further north which increases the interaction between the two species, with possible mating opportunities. Beyond speculation, two real cases of pizzly bear offspring in the wild (as confirmed by genetic testing) is discussed along with the possibility of other Arctic hybrids.

Article #39 - The Science of Self-Control 
Students will learn about the famous Marshmallow Experiments done in the 1970s. These experiments demonstrate a strong correlation between the ability to exert self-control in children and their later success as adults. Students will also learn about how habit retraining can help overcome the negative behaviors that seem to stem from the lack of self-control.

Article #40 - The Truth Behind Bottled Water 
Students will learn about how bottled water companies have convinced us to buy bottled water and the environmental impact of creating so much plastic water bottle waste. They will discover that PET (polyethylene terephthalate) is the most common type of plastic beverage container and will read about PET's properties, how it is it is recycled (and down-cycled) and how it eventually makes its way into our landfills and oceans.

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Copyright © 2015 Anh-Thi Tang (Tangstar Science)
All rights reserved by author.

Terms of Use: This document is for personal use only and may only be used by the original purchaser. Copying for more than one teacher, classroom, department, school, or school district is prohibited. Additional licenses can be purchased at a discount for others to use in your department. This entire document, or any parts within, may not be reproduced or displayed for public viewing. You may NOT electronically post this product online including to teacher blogs, classroom websites or school networks. Failure to comply is a copyright infringement and a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).

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